Proposition of The Prometheus Institute in the Governmental Program 2016/2021
A Requirement Memorandum
Proposition of The Prometheus Institute in the Governmental Program
This memorandum, presented by The Prometheus Institute of Democracy and Human Rights, has gone through quite a few rich and productive discussions. We have constructed this memorandum from many discussions including but not limited to the summer university workshop, which took place between September 2nd and 4th, 2016 in which more than 60 youth organizations from all over the country participated, and the special meeting with experts that took place on September 30th 2016. We propose some propositions about the reinforcement of youth participation in politics in Morocco. These propositions are based on many references which the institute relies on in order to build its visions and present its suggestions.
In order to present this memorandum, the institute relied on many references. First, the institute relied on the international background of Human Rights as it is above the internal policy. Secondly, the Moroccan constitution of 2011 is an important reference to this memorandum. Moreover, the institute relied on the documents it has released since its creation in 2013 as well as the conclusions from the meetings of youth dynamics and social movements.
1- Youth can be invaluable to public life and to political life in particular as this is one important and essential condition to civil participation and the evolution of the democratic system. Thus, one cannot picture democracy in today’s life without including youth, especially in societies where youth are an integral component of the demographic pyramid.
2- Since the beginning of the movement of youth in 2011, there has been a major presence of youth speech and action. This has led to a substantial change in many countries including Morocco. Furthermore, the youth movement has accomplished many achievements and has pushed the struggle for democracy forward.
3- However, youth still suffer in social and economic life. The statistics from official
foundations and the results of the researchers’ studies show that unemployment and illiteracy have spread amongst youth. Furthermore, youth have begun to drop out of schools and universities. That, unfortunately, leaves youth without any future or prospective, and makes them seek refuge in radicalism or adopt a negative attitude.
4- The procedures of political stability, which the government relied on to integrate youth into politics after the movement of youth in 2011, have shown some limitations. This is based on what is included in the constitutional document of 2011 concerning youth and the role assigned to them at the level of the institutional structure of governance committees (through the advisory council of youth and social work). In addition, youth were given participation formats which were clarified by some organizational policies such as the organizational policy of the council of deputies, the organizational policy of the political parties, and the organizational policies of the local communities. However, this reveals the reality of the obsession of integrating and neutralizing the invaluable role that youth play in grassroots organizing dynamics, instead of finding institutional measures to guarantee the true integration of youth into all parts of social and political life.
Based on what we have said so far, we believe that to guarantee the true integration of youth into political life there must be a global integrative policy. Furthermore, this policy must not consist of solely political matters, but it must also question public policy as a whole. To honor the strong bond between the participation of youth in politics and the improvement of their wellbeing and their social and economic conditions, we present the following propositions:
1- The policy concerning the advisory council of youth and social work must be revoked. We consider that an institute of that kind of importance needs a specific organizing legal frame. Furthermore, the legal frame must adopt a more integrative and broad approach with the committees of the civil society, and most importantly the youth civil committees.
2- The considerations concerning the integration of youth in the parliament (the national list of youth) must be reconsidered. We propose the following measures:
– Candidates must be 35 years old as a maximum limit instead of 40.
– Youth must be chosen for the list by using accurate and equitable measures.
– There must be different methods used to integrate youth at this level. For example, there ought to be legal binding requiring parties to nominate youth.
– The policy must be broadened to include all types of institutional participation. For example, it must include the local area and the election of local youth councils and organizing their internal committees (local councils, regional councils, and provincial and prefectural councils). This includes the representation of youth inside the management offices and the committees and advisory committees by creating an advisory committee for youth.
3- The institutional and the procedural frame of the national integrated youth strategy must be revised. This update must consist of five essential pillars:
– There must be direct political supervision by the head of the government.
– The execution of the projects and programs must be attributed to a national agency or a delegation, and the chief of the government must head its council.
– A national youth support fund must be created and the head of the government must be its warden.
– There must be communication and interaction between the national strategy and the regional development projects stated by the organizational policy of regions.
– Youth organizations must be integrated at all the levels of governance of the national strategy: whether at the national level, the regional level, the provincial level, or the local level.
4- The reform of education must be a priority. Not only through reconsidering the methods and programs, but also through adopting an educational policy based on guaranteeing a free and equitable education. In addition, scholarships must be generalized to every student. Furthermore, the opportunities to benefit from campuses and libraries of the universities as well as high education schools must be broadened. Scientific research must be given a larger budget. Also, the quality of the educational content must be improved through the utilization of methods which develop the spirit of innovation and participation of youth.
5- There must be a health policy directed towards youth. Medication should be free for youth. Furthermore, access to quality health care should be expanded.
6- Youth should be given equal opportunities to pursue employment. There should be more public work positions. In addition, the spirit of innovation should be encouraged by expanding projects to include all areas. Furthermore, a fund to support and finance youth who have their own projects must be created. There must a structure of training in all domains and specializations by guaranteeing and protecting the rights of the trainee. Finally, young innovators must be supported.