Date: from May 2021 to December 2021
In Morocco, the perception of the needs of young people in terms of human security remains a theme to be explored. In this perspective, the Prometheus Institute for Democracy and Human Rights (IPDDH), and the Geneva Center for Security Sector Governance (DCAF) are interested in understanding the relationship of young people to human security « تمَثُّلْ الشباب المغربي للأمان الإنساني” through a qualitative and quantitative study, based on a representative sample of 1300 young people from nine (9) regions: (1)Tangier-Tetouan-Al Hoceima; (2) L'Oriental, (3) Beni Mellal-Khénifra, (4) Rabat-Salé-Kenitra, (5) Casablanca-Settat, (6) Marrakech-Safi, (7) Drâa-Tafilalet, (8) Fez- Meknes, (9) Guelmim-Oued Noun.
The study, carried out by professors Mr. Mostafa YAHYAOUI and Ms. Souad RAJEB, mobilized 14 (fourteen) investigators, covering the aforementioned regions. Based on the reference framework of human security, the study provides a unique insight into the opinions of young people on the subject, by studying the feeling of security and/or insecurity of young people, their needs, their vulnerabilities, their capacities, and their root causes, through five focal points: family, economy, health, public space and politics.
The field survey adopted a mixed, inclusive and participatory investigative approach combining three methods: questionnaire, focus groups and life story.
The number of young people (18 to 34 years old) who answered the questionnaire is 1,239 with extremely varied profiles: among them 83% were under 30 years old, 47% were young women, and 2 respondents not identified in relation to the category of sex. Two objective criteria formed the basis of the sample: (1) the first criterion refers to geographical targeting which guided the choice towards five urban localities. The latter recorded the strongest expressions of youth engagement during local social protests experienced by Morocco between 2008 and 2018 (Sidi Ifni, Khouribga, Al Hoceima, Jerada, and Zagora). The city of Marrakech was added to this sample for considerations relating to the impact of the COVID-19 health crisis on this tourist territory; and (2) the rebalancing of the survey plan based on the reconciliation of the structure of the sample with the demographic weight of young people in the general population and housing census (RGPH) of 2014 at the level of survey areas.
The 124 questions asked to young people relate to their concerns and their daily lives.
The survey thus paid particular attention to many aspects of human security in the daily lives of young people. She endeavored to answer the following question: What does it mean: To be a young person and to live in safety in Morocco today?